Pancasila dalam Pusaran Diskursus Liberalisme versus Komunitarisme

Otto Gusti Madung


Abstract: This paper attempts to show that a democratic order is not built on
the procedural ethics as assumed by liberals, but it is required a substantive
ethical foundation. The reason is the democratic system is not contained of
atomistic individuals without social relations. A democratic process always moves
in a society characterized by social relations and the various formation pro-
cesses of complex communities. Democracy is built on formal yet fragile
collective identity. In the context of Indonesia, Pancasila is an expression of the
collective identity. As a collective identity, Pancasila has no ends and always in
the process of being and find themselves in a new way. At the end of the
paper, two methods; deliberative and agonistic democracy method are pre-
sented. These methods are offered by contemporary political philosophy in
resolving conflicts of value in the middle of pluralism.

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