DINAMIKA DEPRESI PADA PENDERITA AIDS

Imadduddin Parhani

Abstract


Depression is a major mental health problem today. This is very important because people with depression productivity will decrease and this is very bad for a society and a country that is building. There are at least four chronic diseases that allow the depression sufferer, one of which is HIV and AIDS. Given the uncertainty over the fate of people living with HIV and AIDS had the potential to give rise to feelings of anxiety and depression. Someone who is infected with HIV and AIDS will be overcome by a feeling of dying, guilt about the behavior that makes infection, and taste sequestered by others.The cause of depression in people with HIV and AIDS by cognitive approach that is the mindset of people who deviate from the pattern of the logical interpretation or misinterprets an event or events, focusing on the negative situations that happened to him, and hope that pessimistic and negative about the future. Symptoms are raised is their depressed mood, decreased interest or pleasure in absolute terms, average of worthlessness or excessive guilt, thoughts of death. Response or reaction that occurs is refused, angry, and depressed when he learned he was infected with HIV and AIDS, and eventually be able to accept his situation. Efforts are being made to reduce depression are manifold. One is through social support to colleagues who also have HIV and AIDS.


Keywords


Dinamika, Depresi, HIV dan AIDS, Cognitive Approach

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arriza, Beta Kurnia. Dewi, Endah Kumala. Kaloeti, Dian Veronika. Memahami Rekonstruksi Kebahagiaan Pada Orang Dengan HIV/AIDS (ODHA). Dalam Jurnal Psikologi Undip Vol.10, No.2. Oktober 2011. 153-162.

Bastaman. Integrasi Psikologi Agama dengan Islam Menuju Psikologi Islami, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 1995.

Berkowitz, L. Agresi I Sebab dan Akibatnya, Jakarta: Pustaka Binaman Pressindo, 1995.

Bhrun, John G. Aspek Sosial dan Psikologis dari AIDS,, Jakarta: EGC, 1997.

Brannon, L & Jess, F. Health Psychology An Introduction To Behavior and Health Fourth Edition, USA: Wadswort, 2000.

De Clerq. Tingkah Laku Abnormal dari Sudut Pandang Perkembangan, Jakarta: Grassindo, 1994.

Hadi. Depresi & Solusinya, Yogyakarta: Tugu, 2004.

Hawari, Dadang. Al Qur’an Ilmu Kedokteran Jiwa dan Kesehatan Jiwa. Jakarta: Dana Bhakti Yasa, 1996.

Hawari, Dadang. Dimensi Religi dalam Praktek Psikiatri dan Psikologi, Jakarta: Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia, 2002.

Hutapea, Ronald. AIDS & PMS dan Perkosaan, Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 1995.

Kapplan. Sinopsis Psikiatri Ilmu Pengetahuan Perilaku Psikiatri Klinis Edisi Ketujuh Jilid Dua, Jakarta: Binarupa Aksara, 1997.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indoensia. Estimasi dan Proyeksi HIV/AIDS di Indonesia Tahun 2011-2016, Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia: 2011.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Laporan Perkembangan HIV/AIDS di Indoensia di akses di http://sahivausu.blogspot.co.id/2016/06/laporan-perkembangan-hiv-aids-di.html. Pada tanggal 7 September 2016.

Manurung, Yosua Hendriko. Maramis, Margarita. Triyono, Erwin. The Depression Profile of People Living With HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) Receiving Antiretroviral Treatment In Dr. Soetomo Hospital Surabaya. Folia Medica Indonesiana Vol. 50 No. 1 January - March 2014 : 6-9.

Mc Keon. Menghadapi Depresi & Elasi, Jakarta: Arcan, 1990.

Muninjaya, Gde. AIDS di Indoensia: Masalah dan Kebijakan Penanggulangan di Indonesia, Jakarta: EGC, 1999.

Niven. Psikologi Kesehatan Pengantar Untuk Perawat &Profesional Kesehatan Lain, Jakarta: EGC, 2000.

Oemarjoedi, Kassandra. Pendekatan Cognitive Behavior Dalam Psikoterapi, Jakarta: Kreatif Media, 2003.

Schimoff, M. 7 Langkah Bahagia Lahir dan Batin, Jakarta: PT Gramedia, 2008.

Seligman, M. Autentic Happiness. Bandung: Mizan Media Utama, 2006.

Vrisaba, R. Kiat Menangkal AIDS, Bandung: Pionir Jaya, 2001)

WHO. Leksikon Istilah Kesehatan Jiwa dan Psikiatri, Jakarta: EGC, 2003.

Widjijati, Dyah Wahyuningsih. Fitriyani, Aris.”Acceptance And Comitment Therapy (ACT) Aplication Toward Self Acceptance and Comitment to Prevent the Transmission of HIV/AIDS” dalam Jurnal Link. Vol. 10 1 Januari 2014.

Yaunint, Yaslinda. Hidayat, Nurul Maulidya. Kejadiaan Gangguan Depresi Pada Penderita HIV/AIDS yang Mengunjungi Poli VCT RSUP Dr. M Djamil Padang Periode Januari – September 2013, Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas 2014;3(2) 244-247.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18592/jsi.v4i2.1116

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Imadduddin Parhani

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN: 2355-1011 (p); 2549-3019(e)
Jurnal Studia Insania
Banjarmasin - Indonesia

Creative Commons License
All publications
by Jurnal Studia Insania are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0
International License.